- By Rohit
- Dec 20, 2019
Diwali is the annual festival of India and celebrated by the Hindus across the globe. Different types of sweets and feasts, diyas and lights, sparkles and crackers, beautiful rangoli, exchange of gifts and of course the card game makes a celebration of Diwali great. This is a five-day celebration, on the third day people worship Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi. Lord Ganesha is the symbol of wisdom and goddess Lakshmi is the symbol of wealth, so it is considered that one should have the wisdom to gain and utilize the wealth. This is the main get together time to meet the family. Most of the NRIs and people who are working in other states visit their home town to celebrate and worship the deity of Ganesha and Lakshmi together with the family.
There are many stories regarding the celebration of Diwali. As per Hindu mythology, it is said that Lord Rama with his wife Sita and his younger brother Lakshman returned to Ayodhya after the fourteen years of exile. He has killed the Asur Ravana in Lanka to get his wife Sita back. Moreover, it is also said that the day on which Rama returned was the Amavasya, the moonless night, but the residents of Ayodhya lit the diyas and lamps and convert that night into day so that he could not find any difficulty in coming home. From that day, the celebration of Diwali started. Diwali has a vital role for Jains too as this community believes that Lord Mahavir attained Nirvana on this day. Furthermore, Sikhs celebrate this day as the release of Sixth Guru Hargobind from the jail of Mughal Emperor Jehangir.
Diwali is celebrated mostly in the Kartika month according to the Hindu calendar which is between mid-October and mid-November. People clean, renovate and decorate their houses and workplaces to welcome the Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakhsmi. They light diya in the evening both inside and outside the house. People dress traditionally. Females wore sare with ornaments and a male person wear dhoti or pyajam and kurta to perform the puja of the deities of Ganesha and Lakshmi. People offer flowers, sweets, milk, butter and bhog to gods. People also sing aarti to complete the puja. Devotional songs are played along with puja. After the puja, people distribute the sweets as prasad. They go to each other’s houses to greet and exchange gifts on this auspicious day.
Bengali Hindu worship Goddess kali and offer khichdi as a prasad on the day of Diwali. In Fiji, Diwali is the main festival and the Government of Fiji gives an official day off on the Laksmi puja day. Apart from India, Tobago, Trinidad, Srilanka, Suriname, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Malaysia, and Singapore also declared holiday on the main day of Diwali on which people worship Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi. In 1577, on the Diwali day, the beginning of the Golden Temple was started and which is considered as the holiest place for the Sikhs across the world.
There are several dishes and sweets prepared and enjoyed during the Diwali festival. The person who is on diet also can’t ignore the meals prepared during Diwali. From east to west, from north to south during this festival aroma and flavors of dishes comes. The several meals are misthi pulao, payeesh, khichdi, rasabali, chenna pora,shankarpali, karanji, poha, chaola fali,vatana usal,daam puri, dahi balle, pinni, gajrela, mohanthal,gujiya, lavang lata, kaju barfi, kesari jalebi, motochoor ladoos, churma, balushai, varities of murukku, huggi, the famous mysore pak, boorelu, teepi gavvalu, rava laddos and many more are prepared during the celbration of Diwali.
Different Five Days Of Diwali
First Day - Dhanteras - The first day of Diwali and celebration begins from this day. On this auspicious day, people purchase new things such as vehicles, gold or silver coins, ornaments, utensils. Lord Dhanvantari is worshiped on this day. People light the diyas outside their houses. In some parts of India god of riches Lord Kuber is also worshiped on this day.
Second Day - Choti Diwali/Narak Chaturdashi/Kali Chaudas - On this day, demon Narakasur was killed by Lord Krishna. It is said that one should massage his/her body with aromatic oil before taking a bath to get free form sin and tiredness. In the evening people light lamps and go to relatives place to greet and exchange Diwali gifts
Third-Day - Lakshmi Puja - This is the main day of the Diwali festival. Laksmi puja is done on this auspicious day. It is said that on this day Goddess enters the house with his adopted son Lord Ganesha to bless people with wisdom, fortune and wealth. In the evening, lamps are lited inside and outside the house. The whole hose and streets are decorated beautifully with flowers and lights. Crakers are fired to celebrate. People wish each other, eat together and exchange foods also.
Fourth Day - Govardhan Puja Or Padva or Vishwakarma day - This day is celebrated in different forms across India. Most of the places in India it is Govardhan puja is done as on this day Lord Krishna saved the residents from heavy rainfall by lifting the Govardhan Mountain. This is the day when Shri Krishna defeated the god Indra. In Gujrat state, this day is celebrated as the New Year as per the Gujrati Calendar known as Bestu Baras. In some parts of India, people worship their instruments, machinery, and arms and celebrate this day as Vishwakarma day. Furthermore, this day is also celebrated as Annakut.
Fifth Day - Bhai Dooj - On this day, sister put tilak on the forehead of their brothers and brother gives gifts. Sisters pray for their healthy life and success. In Bengal, it is known as Bhai Fota.