- By Rohit
- Dec 20, 2019
Mahatma Gandhi is known as the father of the Nation and to celebrate his birth anniversary Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated. This day is celebrated on 2nd October of every year as Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869. On this day every year, there is a general day off for all the office’s businesses, schools. It is a public holiday. He plays a vital role in getting independence from the British rule. He was a true freedom fighter with a golden heart. He always thought of freedom for India, keeping aside his family. The nation was his first love. His values, speech, and morals are always respected. Further, he is the role model for many people across the globe not in India Only.
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated to pay tribute to the great human being. Prayers and homage are offered across the world including his memorial at Rajghat in New Delhi. Since 15th June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared this auspicious day as the International Day of Non-Violence. In his memory, his favorite song “Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram is played the whole day at all the Gandhi Ashrams. On his statue, flower garlands are placed and also decorated with flowers across India. Some people do not eat non-vegetarian meals and drink any alcoholic beverages to pay respect to this great human being.
There are many events that happened on this day such as essay competitions, showing films on Gandhi's Life, book reading on his achievements and life and art exhibitions. People visit Gandhi Ashrams to pay tribute to him. Moreover, people also do tributes, commemorative ceremonies and prayer services at many locations all over India. Netaji Subash Chandra Bose in the year 1944 gave the title of “father of the nation” to him m for his endless love for the nation. To boycott the clothes manufactured by the British company, he encouraged people to weave and spin cotton cloth using “Charkha '' (tradition spinning wheel made of wood). As this movement hit the financial system of England.
Mahatma Gandhi Full name was Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi and also known as `Bapu”. He had played a vital role in the Indian Independence movement. His ideology of non-violence is respected by Indians at the time and also in the present time. He was a barrister as a profession and started his career in South Africa. But seeing discrimination and torture of the British Government, he left the practice and joined the movement for independence. That's why he is tilled now praised in South Africa for his memorable and non-violent work in that country. Nelson Mandela, ex-president of South Africa and a great human being sees him as his ideal. Apart from Nelson Mandela, Albert Einstein, Petra Kelly, Aung San Suu Kyi, Daisaku Ikeda, Martin Luther King Junior, Dalai Lama, John Lennon, and many leaders considered him as their ideal. His thought on freedom is not just to get freedom from British rule but also from the taboos, internal conflicts and social issues. His ideology inspired many movements related to civil rights and freedom all over the world. In today’s time also most of the leaders follow his ideology to run smooth and people helping the government.
150th Birth Centenary Of Mahatma Gandhi Celebration
To propagate his message at the national and international levels from 2nd October 2018 to 2nd October 2020, the Government of India is celebrating the 150th birth anniversary of this great legend for a period of two years. On the 150th birth centenary, he was paid homage. The railway department of the central zone has painted the diesel locomotives with his picture keeping the Indian national flag in the background. In order to pay respect, 150 rupees coin was released by the Honorable Prime minister of India and also launched a movement to get plastic-free India. He visited the Gandhi Ashram in Gujarat. Many leaders paid tributes at Rajghat and took an oath to carry forward his philosophy and ideology. Many art exhibitions are also held across the country. In the world, many countries also celebrated the 150th birth anniversary of this great spiritual leader. Tunisia launched a postage stamp to pay tribute to him.
Places In India which plays an important Role In Celebrations Of Gandhi Jayanti
- Rajghat, Delhi - This place is on the banks of river Yamuna. At this place, he was cremated in the year 1948 on January 31.
- Gandhi Smriti where this legend was shot dead. People love to visit Marty’s Column.
- Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, Uttarpradesh- Here three rivers, Yamuna, Ganga, and Saraswati meet in one place.
- Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad - Here Gandhi Spent his twelve years of life with his wife Kasturba Gandhi. In this ashram, people visit to see his belongings, books and the way he lives a simple life.